Atlas Mountains, Gibraltar
Head and body length, 45-60 cm
Males 15-17 kg; females 10-11 kg
Estimated at 10,000 in the wild
Holm or cork oak and cedar forest—as well as more marginal scrub and cliff habitats—in Gibraltar, Algeria and Morocco
Atlas Mountains Gibraltar
The Rock endures; the macaque almost didn't. Barbary macaques are a well-loved fixture on Gibraltar. But by the 1940s the population had dwindled to nearly nothing and a dozen were imported from Africa in hopes of a comeback. Small groups of their descendants are still in Gibraltar today—making the Barbary macaque the only non-human primate to live in the wild in Europe. Adult males do their part to ensure the survival of the next generation: they carry, protect and play with infants despite not knowing which, if any, are their offspring. The question is: Will this be enough to counter today's threats of habitat loss and degeneration?