The Rock endures; the macaque almost didn't. Barbary macaques are a well-loved fixture on Gibraltar. But by the 1940s the population had dwindled to nearly nothing and a dozen were imported from Africa in hopes of a comeback. Small groups of their descendants are still in Gibraltar today—making the Barbary macaque the only non-human primate to live in the wild in Europe. Adult males do their part to ensure the survival of the next generation: they carry, protect and play with infants despite not knowing which, if any, are their offspring. The question is: Will this be enough to counter today's threats of habitat loss and degeneration?
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Head and body length, 45-60 cm
Males 15-17 kg; females 10-11 kg
Estimated at 10,000 in the wild