Head and body length 74-83 cm; tall 51-72 cm
Males average 15-17 kg; females average 9-12 kg
Estimated at 800-1,200
High mountain forests up to 4,500 meters in Nujang Lancang Gorge region of China
Up, up and away! The black snub-nosed monkey takes heights to extreme. Not only is it at home high in the forest canopy, but it also lives at the highest elevations of any non-human primate. While monkeys most commonly live near sea level, this striking creature ranges up to 4,500 meters higher. At such heights, lichen is its most attractive food source, a staple it supplements with leaves, grass and fruit. The highland monkey's pelt was once believed to ward off rheumatism, making it an attractive target for hunters. The biggest threat facing it today is not hunting, however, but habitat loss due to logging and general human encroachment.