Head and body length: 40 - 42 cm, tail: 45 - 58 cm
2.2 - 2.5 kg
Estimated at fewer than 160
Forest patches with bamboo in the south-central portion of the eastern rainforest of Madagascar
On the menu: bamboo, bamboo and more bamboo. The greater bamboo lemur is one of the few creatures on Earth to depend on a diet of bamboo. It lives in small groups, generally of four to seven, and is active at dawn, dusk and into the night. Populations are higly fragmented, sometimes hundreds of kilometers apart, as the lemur is found only in those patches of forest where its mainstay meal still grows. These bamboo oases are besieged by deforestation due to agriculture and logging. What's more, the lemur is regularly hunted for food. Once widespread, this bamboo connoisseur is now one of the world's most endangered primates.