Body length: up to 2.3 m
Up to approx 190 kg
Coral reefs and inshore habitats throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific
Hero of the reef. As one of the few predators of toxic reef animals such as sea hares and crown-of-thorns starfish, the humphead wrasse performs a valuable service in keeping its home range healthy. A sequential hermaphrodite, every individual spends the first 15 years as a female; some then turn into males, often doubling in size. But the perils this remarkable fish must overcome are enormous, including habitat loss, the live reef food fish trade and dangerous fishing practices. Will the hero win in the end?