Head and body length: 65 - 75 cm
4.4 - 6.1 kg during breeding season
Estimated at 1,700,000 individuals
Endemic to its breeding islands: Maccquarie and Clerk and Bishop Islets in Australia
Team work works. By dividing responsibilities, Male and female Royal penguins give their young the best start in life. The female takes the first two-week shift incubating her egg, then it's the male's turn. After the egg hatches, the male resumes guard duty while the female forages for food to bring back to their hungry chick. At about 20 days, the chick joins a creche, freeing both parents to bring meals home. However, the food source on which the penguins depend on are becoming uncertain due to the effects of climate change. And squeezed into small breeding islands, these team players are vulnerable to disease and disaster.