Head and body length: 102 - 170 cm
29.2 - 58.5 kg
Estimated at 10,000 - 20,000
Prefers rainforests, but will also use savanna forests, mangroves and fruit plantations
Indonesia New Guinea Australia
Why fly? Able to run at speeds up to 50 kilometers per hour and swim expertly, the southern cassowary gets around very well despite being flightless . The solitary bird announces its presence with loud, deep booms that carry remarkably far through the foliage. During breeding season, females mate with one to three males, starting a new nest with each partner, who then incubates the eggs and cares for the chicks. But this cycle of life is being seriously upset by habitat fragmentation, introduced predators, collisions with vehicles, and hunting. Quick through it is, the southern cassowary cannot outdistance these deadly threats.