length, 60-65 cm
Males, 1,100-1,200 g; females, 700-800 g
Estimated at 120-160; populations declining
Presumed extinction on Guimaras, it now survives only on Western Visayas islands of Negros and Panay
Charisma can be a curse. Look a the Visayan wrinkled hornbill, whose enormous red bill, ringing calls and resplendent coloring seem designed to draw attention. It has to go to great lengths for privacy. When the female is ready to lay eggs, she and her mate use mud to wall her into their tree-hole nest. There she stays until nestlings are ready to fly, utterly dependent on the male for food, if he runs into trouble, the whole family perishes. And troubles have multiplied in recent years, most notably hunting and the wholesale destruction of its primary forest habitat. As a result, this distinctive bird may one day be conspicuous only by its absence.